Winston Churchill scorned the idea of India: India is a geographical term. It is no more a united nation than the equator. India is no more a political personality than Europe.

In the above light, how does India compare with a country, say the USA, or a continent, say Europe.

Whereas in India, local elections are popular with good voter turn-out, the same is true in the elections of the countries of Europe. But in the USA, the national election for president are important. On the other hand, the election for the European Parliament are less prominent.

In India’s Lok Sabha, there are 35 political parties, most being effective as regional parties. In the US, there are only two parties. In Europe, one finds many regional parties.

In languages, India has about 22 languages. The US may wonder how India copes. The EU has 24 official languages but the EU’s anthem has no lyrics, only a tune. India has a national anthem in Hindi, translated from Bengali. Pick any two Indians at random & the chance that they share the same mother tongue is less than 20%. But the figure is less than 10% for Europe.

The gap in GDP per person of Bihar is only a fifth of Haryana’s & a tenth of Goa’s. This is comparable to the gulf between Bulgaria & Belgium but not between Mississippi & Massachusetts.

In India, inter-state migration was about 55 million (4.5% of the population). In Europe about 13.6 million people (2.7%) citizens live in another member state.

Inter state trade in India is about 54% of GDP- In the US, the figure is 78%, in Europe, 20%

India’s is as populous as 150 other countries. By encompassing all these people in a single political entity, it dramatically reduces the complexity of global governance. Had the republic not succeeded in refuting Churchill, had it disintegrated into multiple sovereign states, the world’s negotiating tables might have needed to accommodate dozens of additional quarrelling partners.